BIDP guide on building fire safety

Initial draft in preparation: started 2mr20

Statistics on building fires in Botswana

From data on web site of Statistics Botswana, 2019

Information & communication technology


Access room: provides an escape route for an Inner room

Disability and handicap

'Disabilityā€¯ and 'handicap' are not synonymous. A disabled person is not automatically a handicapped person, whether or not there is a handicap depends on the nature of the individual's impairment/s and the circumstance in which they are placed.

Disabled people means people who have:

  1. an impairment which limits their ability to walk or which requires them to use a wheelchair or other device/s for enabling mobility or

  2. impaired hearing or sight

Inner room: where the only escape is via another Access room

Building purpose groups (bw 1981)

A Multistorey buildingsB Single storey buildings
IPrivate residential (houses including flats and maisonettes-

(a) up to three stories

(b) more than three stories)

Private residential
IIInstitutional Institutional
IIIOther residential Other residential
IVOffice Office
VFactory Factory
VIShop Shop
VIIAssembly Assembly
VIIIStorage and General Storage and General

(K) Fire, Explosion

(K1) Fire types, sources

(K2) Fire protection

1 Retardant treatment

2 Spread prevention including fire stopping

Section 8: Compartmentation
Maximum compartment size
IResidential dwellings
Single storeyNo requirement
Single storey
IIIOther residential
Single storey
Single storeyNo requirement
Single storeyNo requirement
Single storeyNo requirement
Single storeyNo requirement
VIIIStorage and general
Single storeyNo requirement
Section 9: Concealed spaces (cavities)
Section 10: Protection of openings and fire-stopping
Section 12: Construction of external walls
Section 13: Space separation

3 Control including fire fighting, venting

Section 15: Fire mains
Section 16: Vehicle access
Section 17: Venting of heat and smoke from basements
Section 18: Access to building for firefighting personnel
Fire engine access
1-Buildings without wet or dry risers
2-Any building with dry riser
2-Any building with wet riser
Flats and maisonettes over two storeys
1-Blocks with dry risers
2-Blocks with wet risers
3-Blocks without wet or dry risers

2.4 Means of escape

Section 2.4.1: Dwelling houses

Habitable rooms, used for dwelling purposes, should open directly onto a hall or stairway

Section 2.4.2: Flats and maisonettes
Section 2.4.3: Horizontal escape for buildings other than dwellings
Section 2.4.4: Vertical escape for buildings other than dwellings
Section 2.4.5: General provisions for buildings other than dwelling houses
Section 2.4.11: Car parks and shopping complexes

(K3) Fire resistance (structures)

Structural precautions
Section 7: Loadbearing elements of structure
Structural element fire resistance
IResidential dwellings
Single storey

(K4) Reaction to fire (materials)

Section 6: Wall and ceiling linings
Section 14: Roof coverings

1 Combustibility including combustible, non-combustible (incombustible)

2 Calorific value (thermal value)

3 Fire load, heat release rate

4 Ignitability including ignition temperature (fire point), flash point

5 Flammability (inflammability), flame spread

(K5) Combustion products

Smoke, fumes, soot

(K6) Explosions

Arresting, venting: explosive limits (gases and vapours)

(K7) Fire and explosion damage, salvage

(K8) Other factors relating to fire, explosion

David Young 2020

Abang Onius Thibelang 2020

Leruo Lantern 2020








Designing for Fire Safety

E Gordon Butcher and Alan C Parnell


John Wiley and Sons Ltd,


Code of practice for the application of the National Building Regulations

Council of the SA Bureau of Standards

First revision



Designing for the disabled

Selwin Goldsmith

Third revision 1976 reprinted 1992

RIBA Publications


Botswana Building Control

RB government

1962, 1977, 1981

RB government, Gaborone


Understanding the Building Regulations

Simon Polley

First edition 1995, reprinted 1996, 1997

E & FN Spon, London