BIDP guidelines on facilities for disabled



Initial draft in preparation: started 23je00; Updated 13jy00; Edited je19


Statistical profiles of disabilities in Botswana

From data on web site of Statistics Botswana, 2019

In 1991 2.2 percent of the population lived with a disability. In 2001 the population was found to be 1 680 863 of whom 58 716 lived with a form of disability. The population of Botswana in 2011 was ~2 000 000.

In 2017 the demographic survey report showed the population has increased to 2 154 863 and the number of people living with a disability is now 90 345 (~4%), 5% being female and 4% being male.

Relevant organisations & departments:

Botswana association of the blind and partially sighted.

Botswana society for the deaf.

Botswana Council for the Disabled

In 2019 the Office of the President is working with the UN on legislation to support and enable the circumstances of persons with disabilities. In 2019, there appear to be near-zero provisions in place.


Information & communication technology

Enable usage by all by following ie the WWW Consortium guidelines for making data available to all users. The following are from the WWW HTML 4.0 specification:

6.13 Media descriptors

hand-held
Intended for hand-held devices (small screen, monochrome, bitmapped graphics, limited bandwidth).
print
Intended for paged, opaque material and for documents viewed on screen in print preview mode.
braille
Intended for braille tactile feedback devices.
aural
Intended for speech synthesizers.
all
Suitable for all devices.

13.8 How to specify alternate text

Several non-textual elements (IMG, AREA, APPLET, and INPUT) let authors specify alternate text to serve as content when the element cannot be rendered normally. Specifying alternate text assists users without graphic display terminals, users whose browsers don't support forms, visually impaired users, those who use speech synthesizers, those who have configured their graphical user agents not to display images, etc.

For other information check the Web Access Initiative page at www.w3.org/WAI



Ensure phone data providers work to provide access for disabled users. Check with BTC/Mascom/Orange etc on what they can do.


Interpretation



Disability and handicap

'Disability” and 'handicap' are not synonymous. A disabled person is not automatically a handicapped person, whether or not there is a handicap depends on the nature of the individual's impairment/s and the circumstance in which they are placed.

Disabled people means people who have:

  1. an impairment which limits their ability to walk or which requires them to use a wheelchair or other device/s for enabling mobility or

  2. impaired hearing or sight


Detailed information for consideration



Public transport

It should be made as straightforward as possible for physically disabled users to access & use public transport; Use ample signage to help hearing-impaired.

Bus stops served by local bus services must give adequate shelter, and a seat or bench suitable for handicapped people should be provided. Refuges should be designed so that the buses may draw up close to the kerb, minimizing the problem of access to or from buses for people with lower limb disabilities.

Roads and parking

For all people, it should be possible to cross roads safely and practically, ie stormwater ditches, gutters and kerbs must not obstruct passage. Use signage to guide disabled vehicle users. Provide parking spaces for disabled vehicle users. Provide proportionate facilities for disabled parking: in 2019 the Development Control Code 2013 requirements seem excessive and are mostly unused.








Pavements and malls

Provide ramped access from roads & parking to pavements to allow wheelchair users access. Provide continuous pavements linking streets and entrances of sites to entrances of buildings in defined urban areas. Use ample signage to assist hearing impaired. Use pavement types to assist visually impaired users in defined urban areas.









Buildings for general use

Make entrances accessible to all. Use ample signage to assist hearing impaired. Provide toilets usable by disabled.

4- Building elements and finishes

Access into the building

Pedestrian footpaths and pavements should have a minimum width of not less than 1,2m to allow easy movement for people on wheelchairs. A minimum width of not less than 2m should be made where there is need for two wheel chairs to pass each other. Pedestrian routes should incorporate dropped kerbs where necessary for wheel chair users and a tactile warning such as blister-type paving at carriageway crossing points. For stick users a passage with a width of 800mm may function but is not recommended; a preferred minimum for a passage width of 900mm should be observed.







Ramp

Where a ramp is provided for people using a wheel chair, a pram for mothers and those who have difficulties in going up a flight of stairs.

  1. The ramp should be provide with a non-slip surface

  2. should have a gradient, measured along the centre of not more than 1:12 where the difference in level is more than 400mm or 1;10 where the difference in level is not more than 400mm.

  3. It should have a minimum width of 1.2m and a unobstructed width of a minimum of 1m.

  4. There should be landings to the top and the bottom of the ramp with a minimum 1.2m deep and any intermediate landings 1.5mm deep, all clear of any door swings.

  5. Provide a minimum 100mm kerb upstand to open sided flights and landings.

  6. A suitable continuous handrail to both sides of flights and landing where ramp is over 2m long with a difference in level more than 600mm and such a handrail should;





People with sight impairment using access routes up to and around the outside of the building should be protected from potential hazards, such as opening windows and doors. Suitable guarding or handrails could be provided at door locations, while cobbles or a planting strip, and a slight change of level could be used to identify the existence of windows.

Doors

Main approach doors should allow wheelchair approach to enable the users to reach the door handle and give two-way visibility through the door to avoid collisions. In the event of a double door at least one leaf should be able to open in a 90 degree position shall should provide a clear opening of not less than 750mm wide at right angle direction to travel. The provision for doors should be as follows

  1. minimum clear opening door leaf of 750mm

  2. minimum 300mm unobstructed space on the leading edge side of the door, unless the door opens automatically

  3. a visibility zone of glazing to cover a height of 900mm and 1500mm above the floor level

Provision of small revolving doors at the entrance should be avoided but where they are installed a separate and suitable opening door should be provided. Some large revolving doors do have sufficient internal space and the slow revolving speed necessary to allow use by a wheelchair users. Bank-type security double doors need to be sized to suit wheelchair users, with control at usable height.

Entrance lobbies

Entrance lobbies should be made as generous as possible, a minimum with of 1.5m wide for single doors and between 1.8m-2.4m deep depending on door swings.

6- Services installation

Showers should have a thermostatic mixing valve: this is important for people with sensory disabilities or who may not be able to move quickly. Manual mixing valves are not recommended.

For people with weak or arthritic hands conventional screw down tap fittings maybe difficult to use. For people with weak hands a lever action is preferred. An automatic tap can be installed that can be operated by a press of a button or simply simply putting your hand underneath it and it detects the hand and opens up the valve. Power and maintenance are required for such. Spring loaded, self closing taps should be avoided.

Cabinet lift systems can be installed in kitchens and bathrooms as worktops (including sinks/basins) or storage that can automatically adjust to varies heights to suit the person using it at that particular time. Similarly, lift systems can be used in workplace buildings where individual work stations are able to be adjusted in height to accommodate a reasonable variety of needs.







Lifts

In a multi-storey building catering for disabled people a lift provides the only satisfactory meaning of vertical movement. In a lift installation there shall be not less than one lift which should

  1. have minimum internal dimensions of 1.1m with and 1.4m depth

  2. have a doorway with an unobstructed width of not less than 800mm

  3. be fitted with handrails on two sides at the height which is of height of between 850mm and 1 000mm above the floor level of such lift.

Where allowance are made for disabled people the speed of closing should be specified. A door closing suddenly may unbalance a disabled person and the speed of closing is therefore the important factor rather than time for doors to close.

Lift controls must be easy to manipulate. For most handicapped people touch-light controls are easier to activate than buttons, and they have the advantage of visual registration. The controls of the lift should be big enough that a person can touch and feel them since not all blind or visual impaired people can read Braille. The lift should have a speaker that makes a sound and be able to announce the floor name and whether the door is opening or closing. Such messages are helpful to the blind and visually impaired.

General notes for public buildings

Signposting clear sign-plates should be put in place to,

Each sign-plate should have a symbol and an informatory legend and where appropriate a directing arrow. Sign plates have three functions, directional-incorporating an arrow directing to a specific facility, locational – an identify sign at the place where the facility is provided, informative advertising about the availability of a facility or service for disabled.





Notes for public building types

Buildings for disabled users

Customise to suit user requirements.

8 Housing

884 Mobility housing

This is ordinary housing built to prevailing public authority housing cost limit and spaces standards, but designed so that it is convenient for disabled people. The important features are that wheelchair access is possible to the entrance and and all other principal rooms and that the bathroom and wc are reachable without using stairs. Two story mobility housing is practical where there is a bedroom and bathroom on the ground floor or where a lift is provided. Mobility housing should be planned to foster social interactions between handicapped and other people.

884 Housing for blind and deaf people

Where special units are provides it is recommended that they are planned according to mobility housing. For the majority of blind and deaf people special housing is neither necessary nor desirable.

884 Wheelchair housing

This housing covers those who are chair-bound people who can manage independently or with family support. The preferred arrangement is that all parts of the dwelling must be accessible, with design flexibility to cater for people with special needs such as a chair-bound person in kitchens and bathrooms.

4 Health and welfare buildings

Generally accessibility of hospitals to disabled people will usually be guaranteed by the need to make physically provision for moving patience around the hospital in beds, wheelchairs or trolleys and for moving food and hospital equipment. All principal entrances should be accessible to visitors and staff on wheelchairs. Car parking spaces should be reserved for the disabled and should be placed strategically located around the hospital preferable with access under cover to the building. Services found in the hospital such as shops, banks, canteens must be accessible to wheelchair users.

7 Educational buildings

The buildings should be accessible by a chair-bound person or ambulant disabled person. People must be able to travel around the campus without negotiating with stairs. Where there are detached buildings on site all buildings must have at least one accessible entrance by a wheelchair. All teaching, social, and administration spaces need to be accessible by wheelchair users. Enough signage should be put around to assist the hearing impaired. The surface will also need to be texture to assist the blind navigate through the space around the building. At least one water-closet compartment for each sex or serving both sexes must be usable by a chair-bound person.

85 Hotels

Should be accessible by wheelchair or by a ambulant disabled person. The entrance should be undercover for the loading and off loading for cars and taxis for people with wheelchair. All other public entrance must be accessible to chair-bound or ambulant disabled persons. A proportion of rooms should cater for wheelchair-bound guests.

5 Refreshment and recreation

551 Restaurants,snack bars, cafés

New restaurant building ought to always be accessible to chair-bound people, but however restaurants are commonly converted premises where it maybe difficult to put in suitable provisions. All the public entrances must be accessible to ambulant disabled people and if it is on the ground floor or caters for 40 or more people at least one public entrance should be accessible by wheelchair. Where sitting is fixed, selected tables in dining areas should be accessible by a person on a wheelchair without need to be transferred out of the chair. At least one wc compartment for each sex or serving both sexes should be usable by chairbound persons.

7 Auditorium and cultural buildings

In buildings such as theatres special areas should be planned to accommodate wheelchair to allow them to remain in their chairs during the performance. Space for wheelchair users needs to needs to be generous with a minimum of 1 400mmX900mm suggested. There should be spaces for able-bodied friends to sit alongside the wheelchair user. The suggested minimum provision for chairbound person in any auditorium is one wheelchair place for each 250 seats for the first 1000 people accommodated and one wheelchair place for each 500 seats in excess of 1000. For people hard of hearing in theatres or concert halls provision may be made so that earphones can be plugged into amplifying equipment. At least one wc compartment for each sex or serving both sexes must be usable by chairbound people .Where provision is made for chairbound people it should be conveniently and quickly accessible from wheelchair place in the auditorium.

31 Office, administrative buildings

This relates to specifically to civic buildings such as the administrative headquarters of the local councils and district councils. The principal entrance must be accessible by wheelchair. There should be parking bays reserved for handicapped people. All areas used by the general public for example enquiry offices,exhibition rooms, payments reception rooms, committee rooms, council chambers must be accessible to a chairbound person. At least one wc compartment for each sex or serving both sexes needs to be usable by chairbound people.

33 Commercial

In all new office buildings it is important that disabled people can be employed. For avoidance of stress and disturbance, and for convince of themselves they should be able to use the office building independently. There should be parking bays reserved for handicapped people. In supermarkets and shopping malls disabled people should be able to do their own shopping without their choice being restricted by inaccessible of the building. At least one wc compartment for each sex or serving both sexes must be usable by chairbound people.

1 Transport buildings

The principal approach must be accessible to wheelchair users. All public areas such as booking halls, waiting rooms, refreshment rooms and enquiry offices, must be accessible for people on wheelchairs. Services for the general public for example newsagents, chemist, hairdresser and banks should be accessible to chair-bound people. Where a turnstile ticket barriers are incorporated an alternative access must be provided. Selected parking bays preferably close to the entrance should be reserved for the disabled and be clearly marked out. The suggested scale of provision is one reserved bay for each 100 parking places, with a minimum of three. At least one wc compartment for each sex or serving both sexes must be usable by chairbound people.

2 Industrial buildings

In factory buildings the provision appropriate for employees who might be disabled is associated with the nature of the the production work. There is no cause for for special for provision in factory buildings engaged on heavy manufacturing whereas in those engaged in light manufacturing or component assembly the needs of disabled people must be considered. In single-story structures at the ground level, which comprises the majority of new industrial buildings, it is possible to make satisfactory provision without difficulty. Where disabled people maybe employed entrance should be usable by a person on a wheelchair. All internal areas where disabled people are are employed must be accessible by a wheelchair, including the refreshment and recreational areas. Where disabled people may be employed they should have at least one wc compartment usable by ambulant disabled people and a provision should be made for people on a wheelchair. In factory buildings that more than 20 people engaged on administrative work, suitable provision should be made for employment of the disabled.

6 Religious buildings

It is most important in new church buildings, including cathedral, synagogues, mosques and similar that provision is made for disabled people. At least one public entrance should be accessible to a wheelchair bound person and other entrances should be accessible to ambulant disabled people. All areas used by the worshippers should be accessible by wheelchair. Areas for congregation or meetings should have induction loop for the benefit of people using hearing aids. At least one wc compartment should be usable by a wheelchair disabled person.

Special workplace

Reference:


Suggested interim detailed guide catering for technical provisions for people with disabilities in Botswana

The following text defines mandatory requirements that applies/applied in South Africa. In Botswana, the provisions are not mandatory but should be considered by professional teams (architects, town planners, civil engineers) for new or altered facilities.


SABS 0400-1990 (BOBS *** optionally)



PART S: FACILITIES FOR DISABLED PERSONS

S1 APPLICATION

(1) Facilities for disabled persons shall be provided in any building except the following:

(a) Any building of which the whole of the ground storey comprises one or more occupancies classified in terms of regulation A20 as D4 H4 J1, J2or J3: (Plant room; Dwelling house; High risk, moderate and low risk storage)

(b) any building classified as H1 in terms of regulation A20 where such building has less than 25 bedrooms; (Hotel)

(c) any building classified as H3 in terms of regulation A20 and not provided with a lift; (Domestic residence) and

(d) any building where

(i) there is a difference between the level of the ground storey and finished ground level immediately outside any door giving access to such ground storey; and

(ii) such difference in levels or, where there is more than one such door, the smallest of such differences, expressed in millimetres. is more than the overall floor area of such building expressed in square metres: Provided that such overall floor area shall, in any building equipped with a lift, be deemed to be the total floor area of all storeys served by such lift.

(2) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraphs (a), (b) and (c) of sub-regulation (1), the provisions of Part S of these regulations shall apply to any building which is or contains a clinic or health centre registered in terms of the Health Act, 1977 (Act No. 63 of 1977).

S2 FACILITIES TO BE PROVIDED

(1) In any building contemplated in regulation S1, there shall be a means of access suitable for use by disabled persons, including those who are obliged to use a wheelchair or who are able to walk but who are unable to negotiate steps, from the outside of the building to the ground storey and, where such building contains a lift, from the ground storey to any other storey served by such lift.

(2) Where parking for more than 50 motor vehicles is provided in or in connection with any building having a means of access contemplated in sub-regulation (1), adequate parking space shall be provided for the parking of motor vehicles used by disabled persons and means of access suitable for the use of such persons shall be provided from such parking area, whether such parking area be inside or outside such building, to the ground storey of such building.

(3) Notwithstanding the requirements for means of access contained in sub-regulations (1) and (2), where a suitable means of access from outside such building or from any parking area contemplated in sub-regulation (2) is provided to any storey other than the ground storey of such building, access shall be provided from such storey to the ground storey of such building.

(4) Means of access, suitable for use by any person in a wheelchair, shall be provided to any auditorium or hall situated in any building contemplated in sub-regulation (1) and such auditorium or hall shall, in relation to its seating capacity, be provided with sufficient open space to accommodate an adequate number of wheelchairs.

(5) Where, in terms of regulation P1, toilet facilities are required in any building which

(a) is a building contemplated in regulation S1; and

(b) has a means of access contemplated in sub-regulation (1),

an adequate number of such facilities shall be suitable for use by disabled persons and shall be accessible to such persons: Provided that toilet facilities shall not be required in any such building classified as H3 in terms of regulation A20.

(6) !n any building provided with facilities for disabled persons any commonIy used path of travel shall be free of obstructions which could impede or endanger the travel of such persons, or the presence of such obstructions shall be made evident in a suitable manner to persons with impaired vision.

S3 DEEMED-TO-SATISFY REQUIREMENTS

The requirements of regulation S2 shall be deemed to be satisfied where (a) the facilities provided are in accordance with Part S of section 3 of SABS 0400; or

(b) such facilities are the subject of approved alternative proposals.



DEEMED-TO-SATISFY RULES

SS1 GENERAL

The requirements contained In regulation 82 of the National Building Regulations shall be deemed to be satisfied where the facilities provided for disabled persons comply with deemed-to-satisfy rules contained in the following provisions of this Part.

Commentary: For disabled persons to be able to play their full role in society it is essential that they should have certain facilities in the buildings in which they live, work or seek recreation. Guidance in regard to the requirements for such facilities is given in this part of the code but economic considerations may make it difficult to provide the facilities in all buildings, This fact has been acknowledged in the regulations in the form of an exemption from the requirements in the case of certain buildings. It is, however, recommended that every effort be made to provide such facilities in as many buildings as possible notwithstanding the fact that it may not always be a legal requirement. Where provision is made at the design stage for the necessary facilities within the building, any increase in cost should be minima/and entry to the building may be the only major problem. A factor to be considered is that some of these facilities can also be of benefit to many who would not generally be regarded as disabled persons.

SS2 RAMPS

Any ramp provided for the use of persons In wheelchairs shall -

(a) have a gradient, measured along the centre line, of not more than -

(i) 1:12 where the difference in level of the ends of the ramp is more than 400 mm; or

(ii) 1:10, where such difference in level is not more than 400 mm;

(b) have a clear trafficable surface not less than 1,1 m wide;

(c) have a surface constructed of a slip resistant material;

(d) be provided with a landing for every 1,5 m of vertical rise, and such landing shall be not less than 1,2 m in length and have a width of not less than the ramp;

(e) be provided, at the end adjacent to any entrance door to any building, with a level surface with a minimum length of 2 m, If such door opens towards such ramp or 1,8 m if such door opens away from such ramp and where any door leaf or window swings over such surface, such door leaf or window shall not obstruct movement of any such person;

(f) be provided, at any change of direction between two straight sections of ramp, with a level landing of not less than 1,2 m In length measured along the centre line;

(g) be provided with a handrail on the side where the change In level between the ends of the ramp Is more than 600 mm, and such handrail shall

(i) be positioned between 850 mm and 1 000 mm above the surface of the ramp;

(ii) be so finished off as not to present a hazard to any person using such ramp; and

(iii) follow the gradient of such ramp for the full length of the ramp;

(h) be provided, where there is a difference in level between such ramp and any floor or ground level at the side of the ramp, with -

(i) a balustrade, as contemplated in regulation Ml, where such difference in level is more than 600 mm; or

(ii) a balustrade, as aforesaid, or a raised kerb not less than 75 mm high, measured vertically above the surface of the ramp, where such difference in level is not more than 600 mm.

SS3 LIFTS

SS3.1 In any passenger lift installation there shall be not less than one lift which shall -

(a) have a minimum internal dimension of 1,1 m in width and 1,4 m in depth;

(b) have a doorway with an unobstructed width of not less than 800 mm; and

(C) be fitted with handrails on two sides at a height of between 850 mm and 1 000 mm above the floor level of such lift.

Commentary: The requirements of sub-rule SS3.1 apply only where there is a lift installation. It is not the intention of these regulations that a lift for disabled persons should be supplied in any building where there would not otherwise be a lift.

SS3.2 Where such lift is operated automatically, it shall comply with the following requirements:

(a) Audible and visual warnings shall be provided in the lift lobby to indicate the opening of the lift doors.

(b) Any control required to be operated by a passenger in such lift shall be positioned not higher than 1,2 m above the floor level of such lift.

(C) The light level on the control panel in such lift shall be not less than 50 lux.

SS4 DOORS

In any building contemplated in regulation S1 -

(a) the leaf of any single door and at least one leaf of a double door when in the 900 position shall provide a clear opening not less than 750 mm wide at right angles to the direction of travel.

(b) any handle fitted to a door leaf of any door in an emergency route or in a feeder route or in any compartment containing toilet facilities for use by disabled persons shall be of the lever type and be installed at a height of not more than 1,2 m above floor level

(c) any difference in level of the surface of a floor at any threshold shall be not more than 15 mm.



SS5 TOILET FACILITIES

SS5.1 In any building contemplated in regulation S1 there shall be one or more WC pans suitable for use by persons in a wheelchair: Provided that -

(a) in any building which is a hotel, lodging house or hostel where -

(i) bedrooms are provided with private toilet facilities, at least one such bedroom in every 100 or part thereof shall be provided with a WC pan, washbasin and bath or shower for disabled persons;

(ii) bedrooms do not have private toilet facilities, there shall be provided, on each floor, at least one compartment containing a WC pan and a washbasin, and one containing a bath or shower for disabled persons;

(b) in any building, not being a building contemplated in paragraph (a), where in terms of rule PP13 a combined total of more than 20 WC pans and urinals are required to serve the total population, not less than two WC pans shall be provided for the use of disabled persons; and

(c) any disabled person shall not be required to travel, from any point in such building accessible to such person, a distance of more than 200 m in order to reach any compartment containing such WC pan

SS5.2 (a) In any building where separate sanitary fixtures are required for each sex, any two compartments required to contain a WC pan or bath or shower, irrespective of the sex for which they are provided, may be replaced by one such compartment provided for the use of disabled persons of both sexes: Provided that the total number of sanitary fixtures is adequate

(b) The door of any such compartment containing toilet facilities shall be either a sliding door or, if hinged, shall open outwards, and where a locking device is fitted, the door leaf shall be openable from the outside by the use of a suitable device, and such leaf shall be fitted with a suitable means of indicating whether the compartment is occupied.

(c) Any compartment containing a WC pan for the use of disabled persons shall have a minimum area of 2,9 m2 and a minimum plan dimension of 1,6 m.

(d) A distance of not less than 450 mm or not more than 500 mm shall be provided between the centre line of the WC pan and the nearer side wall of such compartment, and approved grab bars shall be fixed to such nearer wall and the rear wall.

(e) The distance from the front edge of the WC pan to the rear wall of such compartment shall be not less than 660 mm.

(f) The top surface of the seat of the WC pan shall be not less than 460 mm and not more than 480 mm above the floor level.

(g) Unless the WC pan is provided with a special back rest. the lid and seat thereof. when raised to the upright position. shall remain in such position.

(h) The pan flushing control and toilet-paper holder shall be easily accessible to any person in a wheelchair.

SS5.3 (a) Within any such compartment the washbasin shall be mounted without legs or pedestal. and the height from the floor to the top edge of such basin shall be not more than 830 mm.

(b) Such washbasin shall have a vertical clearance of 650 mm from under the basin to the floor, measured at a point not less than 160 mm from the front of and under the basin.

(C) Where a vanity slab is fitted in such compartment, the distance from the edge of the fascia to the inside of the bowl of the washbasin in such slab shall be not more than 80 mm, and such slab shall have a vertical clearance of 680 mm measured from the floor to the underside of the fascia

(d) Water taps supplying such washbasin shall be operated by lever handles and the cold-water tap shall be within reach of any person sitting on the WC pan.

SS5.4 Any bath or shower cubicle provided for the use of disabled persons shall be so designed and positioned as to allow a person in a wheelchair to transfer to a seat in such bath or cubicle.

SS6 AUDITORIA AND HALLS

Where any building contemplated in regulation S1 contains one or more auditoria or halls fitted with fixed seating, floor space accessible to any person in a wheelchair shall be set aside for the accommodation of wheelchairs in such auditoria or halls and -

(a) such space shall be situated adjacent to an exit door and shall be so arranged that any wheelchair will not obstruct any aisle or exit door; and

(b) such space shall be of a size sufficient to accommodate -

(I) one wheelchair where the number of fixed seats for which the auditorium or hall is designed is not more than 50;

(ii) two wheelchairs where the number of fixed seats for which the auditorium or hall is designed is more than 50 but not more than 400; and

(iii) three wheelchairs or a number of wheelchairs equal to 0,50/0 of the number of fixed seats for which the auditorium or hall is designed, whichever is the greater, where such number of fixed seats is more than 400.



SS7 OBSTRUCTIONS IN PATH OF TRAVEL

Where in any building contemplated in regulation S1 -

(a) the difference in levels at any step or other change in level in the floor along any path of travel is more than 25 mm a suitable ramp from one level to the other shall be provided for the use of disabled persons;

(b) any part of a building, sign, light-fitting or other object protrudes more than 300 mm into or hangs over any path of travel and has a clearance of less than 2 m above the trafficable surface, a barrier commencing not higher than 300 mm above such surface shall be provided to indicate the presence and position of the inadequate headroom above.

SS8 PARKING

Where provision has been made within any building contemplated in regulation S1, or on the site on which such building is erected, for the parking of more than 50 motor vehicles -

(a) At least one parking space per 200 or part thereof of the total number of parking spaces shall be provided for parking of vehicles used by disabled persons;

(b) any parking space provided for vehicles used by disabled persons shall be of an approved length, shall be not less than 3,5 m wide and shall be situated on a level surface;

(C) such parking space shall be located as near as possible to the means of access contemplated in sub-regulation 82(2) and (3) and shall be accessible thereto;

(d) such parking space shall be clearly demarcated as being intended for the use of disabled persons only.



SS9 INDICATION OF EXISTENCE OF FACILITIES

SS9.1 Where facilities for disabled persons have been provided in or in connection with any building, the existence and position of such facilities shall be indicated by -

(a) exhibiting externally at the main entrance of and at any other approved position in such building, the international symbol as depicted in Appendix 1 to this code; and

(b) exhibiting internally, in approved positions, such symbol, which shall be clearly visible, to indicate to disabled persons the route to and the entrance to such facilities.

SS9.2 The size of any such symbol shall be not less than 100 mm x 100 mm, and the symbol of a person in a wheelchair shall be in the colour yellow on a black background.






David Young 2000-2019

Gladmore Dumisile Ndhlovu July 2019



References

code

title

author

published

publisher

sanbr

Code of practice for the application of the National Building Regulations

Council of the SA Bureau of Standards

First revision

SABS

dfd

Designing for the disabled

Selwin Goldsmith

Third revision 1976 reprinted 1992

RIBA Publications

bbr

Botswana Building Control

RB government

1962, 1977, 1981

RB government, Gaborone

utbr

Understanding the Building Regulations

Simon Polley

First edition 1995, reprinted 1996, 1997

E & FN Spon, London